Faskomilo (Mountain sage)
Faskomilo or sage (Salvia officinalis) belongs to the genus of Magnoliophyta Magnoliopsida Salvia plants. It is a perennial, evergreen subshrub, with woody stems, grayish leaves, blue to purplish flowers and blooms from May to June. It has many branches of up to half a meter and is located in all regions of Greece, especially in dry and stony places.
The plant has a strong aromatic odor, a long history of medicinal and culinary use, and is even used in modern times as an ornamental garden plant. The common name "sage" is also used for a number of related and unrelated species.
Theophrastus wrote about two different sages, a wild undershrub he called sphakos, and a similar cultivated plant he called elelisphakos. Pliny the Elder said the latter plant was called salvia by the Romans, and used as a diuretic, a local anesthetic for the skin, a styptic, and for other uses.
Sage in the form of infusion is ideal for the treatment of oral injuries, pharyngitis and against gingivitis. It has tonic properties and is used as a cordial and for neuralgia.
In cooking, it is used for flavoring various dishes and vinegars however, its use should be treated with caution because there are cases of poisoning from excessive use mainly due its concentration of thujone.
Faskomilo makes for one of the most delicious herbal infusions. Sage should not be boiled. Instead, bring as many cups of water as desired to a rolling boil and add 1-2 teaspoons of sage per cup to the pot. Cover and let the mixtures stand for about 7 minutes. Strain before serving.
Greeks often make an infusion out of dried oregano, much the same as they do with marjoram and sage. It is prepared in the same way -infused, not boiled.
Marjoram is a somewhat cold-sensitive perennial herb or undershrub with sweet pine and citrus flavours. Marjoram is indigenous to the Mediterranean area, and was known to the Greeks and Romans as a symbol of happiness.
Chamomili (Chamomile tea)
Greeks believe that the sweet, gentle aroma of chamomile calms the nerves, soothes the stomach and helps against constipation.
In antiquity it was used in the manufacture of myrrh and for medicinal purposes. Dioscorides, Hippocrates and Pliny have mentioned often diosmos as a plant with great medicinal value and lovely fragrance.
Greek Mountain Tea
Greek Mountain Tea is made using the dried leaves and flowers of Sideritis plants (ironwort). The tea is aptly named: the plant is found on rocky slopes at elevations over 3,200 feet (1000 meters).