Ancient Greek Cities in the Black Sea
The ruins of an ancient Greek city, dating back to the 6th century BC, came to light in the Taman peninsula in Southern Russia, on the shores of the Black Sea. Archaeologists are stunned both by the number of findings and the condition they were found in.
Evidence leads to the conclusion that the discovery is linked to the ancient Greek colony of Hermonassa, a town which flourished as a major trading centre, controlling the passage from the Black Sea to the Sea of Azov. The excavation also revealed the ruins of a temple which is believed to have been dedicated to Demeter, the ancient goddess of fertility and agriculture. Archaeologists were also able to determine the very spot of the goddess’s altar.
In the Bulgarian seaside town of Sozopol, overlooking the Black Sea, archaeologists have unearthed another ancient temple, where statues and other artifacts brought to light have led to the conclusion that the temple was dedicated to goddess Demeter and her daughter Persephone, queen of the underworld.
According to archaeologists, the temple dates back to the 4th or 5th century BC. Sozopol, where the archaeological site is situated is a town, the history of which goes as back as the Bronze Age. In ancient times, the town was called Apollonia Pontica, from Pontus Euxinus, Greek for Hospitable Sea.
The town was named after god Apollo on account of a temple dedicated to the god, containing a famous colossal statue of the god, transported later to Rome and placed in the Capitol.
(Wednesday, November 2, 2011)
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